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Socket.cpp

// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// - Socket.cpp                                                              -
// - afnix:net module - socket class implementation                          -
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// - This program is free software;  you can redistribute it  and/or  modify -
// - it provided that this copyright notice is kept intact.                  -
// -                                                                         -
// - This program  is  distributed in  the hope  that it will be useful, but -
// - without  any  warranty;  without  even   the   implied    warranty   of -
// - merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.  In no event shall -
// - the copyright holder be liable for any  direct, indirect, incidental or -
// - special damages arising in any way out of the use of this software.     -
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// - copyright (c) 1999-2007 amaury darsch                                   -
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

#include "Item.hpp"
#include "Socket.hpp"
#include "Vector.hpp"
#include "Integer.hpp"
#include "Boolean.hpp"
#include "QuarkZone.hpp"
#include "Exception.hpp"
#include "cnet.hpp"
#include "csio.hpp"
#include "cerr.hpp"

namespace afnix {

  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // - private section                                                       -
  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

  // the socket eval quarks
  static const long QUARK_REUSEADDR = String::intern ("REUSE-ADDRESS");
  static const long QUARK_BROADCAST = String::intern ("BROADCAST");
  static const long QUARK_DONTROUTE = String::intern ("DONT-ROUTE");
  static const long QUARK_KEEPALIVE = String::intern ("KEEP-ALIVE");
  static const long QUARK_LINGER    = String::intern ("LINGER");
  static const long QUARK_RCVSIZE   = String::intern ("RCV-SIZE");
  static const long QUARK_SNDSIZE   = String::intern ("SND-SIZE");
  static const long QUARK_HOPLIMIT  = String::intern ("HOP-LIMIT");
  static const long QUARK_MCASTLOOP = String::intern ("MULTICAST-LOOPBACK");
  static const long QUARK_MCASTHOP  = String::intern ("MULTICAST-HOP-LIMIT");
  static const long QUARK_MAXSEG    = String::intern ("MAX-SEGMENT-SIZE");
  static const long QUARK_NODELAY   = String::intern ("NO-DELAY");
  static const long QUARK_SOCKET    = String::intern ("Socket");

  // map an enumeration item to a socket option
  static inline Socket::t_option item_to_option (const Item& item) {
    // check for a socket item
    if (item.gettid () != QUARK_SOCKET)
      throw Exception ("item-error", "item is not an socket item");
    // map the item to the enumeration
    long quark = item.getquark ();
    if (quark == QUARK_REUSEADDR) return Socket::SOCK_REUSEADDR;
    if (quark == QUARK_BROADCAST) return Socket::SOCK_BROADCAST;
    if (quark == QUARK_DONTROUTE) return Socket::SOCK_DONTROUTE;
    if (quark == QUARK_KEEPALIVE) return Socket::SOCK_KEEPALIVE;
    if (quark == QUARK_LINGER)    return Socket::SOCK_LINGER;
    if (quark == QUARK_RCVSIZE)   return Socket::SOCK_RCVSIZE;
    if (quark == QUARK_SNDSIZE)   return Socket::SOCK_SNDSIZE;
    if (quark == QUARK_HOPLIMIT)  return Socket::SOCK_HOPLIMIT;
    if (quark == QUARK_MCASTLOOP) return Socket::SOCK_MCASTLOOP;
    if (quark == QUARK_MCASTHOP)  return Socket::SOCK_MCASTHOP;
    if (quark == QUARK_MAXSEG)    return Socket::SOCK_MAXSEG;
    if (quark == QUARK_NODELAY)   return Socket::SOCK_NODELAY;
    throw Exception ("item-error", "cannot map item to socket option");
  }

  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // - class section                                                         -
  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

  // create a default socket

00077   Socket::Socket (void) {
    d_sid = -1;
  }

  // create a socket by id

00083   Socket::Socket (const int sid) {
    d_sid = sid;
  }

  // destroy this socket

00089   Socket::~Socket (void) {
    close ();
  }

  // return the class name

00095   String Socket::repr (void) const {
    return "Socket";
  }

  // return true if the socket is open

00101   bool Socket::isopen (void) const {
    rdlock ();
    bool status = (d_sid != -1);
    unlock ();
    return status;
  }

  // close this socket 
  
00110   bool Socket::close (void) {
    wrlock ();
    if ((d_sid == -1) || (Object::uref (this) == false)) {
      unlock ();
      return true;
    }
    if (c_close (d_sid) == false) {
      unlock ();
      return false;
    }
    d_sid = -1;
    unlock ();
    return true;
  }

  // force a socket shutdown
  
00127   bool Socket::shutdown (void) {
    wrlock ();
    if (d_sid == -1) {
      unlock ();
      return true;
    }
    if (c_close (d_sid) == false) {
      unlock ();
      return false;
    }
    d_sid = -1;
    unlock ();
    return true;
  }

  // shutdown this socket

00144   bool Socket::shutdown (const bool mode) {
    wrlock ();
    bool result = false;
    if (mode == false) result = c_ipshut (d_sid, SOCKET_SHUT_RECV);
    if (mode == true)  result = c_ipshut (d_sid, SOCKET_SHUT_SEND);
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // return true if we have an ipv6 socket

00155   bool Socket::isipv6 (void) const {
    return c_isipv6 (d_sid);
  }

  // set a socket option

00161   bool Socket::setopt (t_option opt, bool flag) {
    wrlock ();
    bool result = false;
    switch (opt) {
    case SOCK_REUSEADDR:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_REUSEADDR, flag, 0);
      break;    
    case SOCK_BROADCAST:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_BROADCAST, flag, 0);
      break;
    case SOCK_DONTROUTE:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_DONTROUTE, flag, 0);
      break;
    case SOCK_KEEPALIVE:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_KEEPALIVE, flag, 0);
      break;
    case SOCK_MCASTLOOP:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_MCASTLOOP, flag, 0);
      break;
    case SOCK_NODELAY:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_NODELAY,   flag, 0);
      break;
    default:
      break;
    }
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // set a socket option with a value

00192   bool Socket::setopt (t_option opt, bool flag, long val) {
    wrlock ();
    bool result = false;
    switch (opt) {
    case SOCK_LINGER:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_LINGER,   flag, val);
      break;
    case SOCK_RCVSIZE:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_RCVSIZE,  flag, val);
      break;
    case SOCK_SNDSIZE:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_SNDSIZE,  flag, val);
      break;
    case SOCK_HOPLIMIT:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_HOPLIMIT, flag, val);
      break;
    case SOCK_MCASTHOP:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_MCASTHOP, flag, val);
      break;
    case SOCK_MAXSEG:
      result = c_ipsetopt (d_sid, SOCKET_MAXSEG,   flag, val);
      break;
    default:
      break;
    }
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // connect this socket by port and address

00223   bool Socket::connect (t_word port, const Address& addr) {
    rdlock ();
    bool result = c_ipconnect (d_sid, port, addr.p_addr);
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // connect this socket by port and aliases address

00232   bool Socket::connect (t_word port, const Address& addr, const bool alsf) {
    wrlock ();
    // use direct mode
    if (alsf == false) {
      bool status = c_ipconnect (d_sid, port, addr.p_addr);
      unlock ();
      return status;
    }
    addr.rdlock ();
    // use aliases address mode
    for (long i = 0; i < addr.d_size; i++) {
      bool status = c_ipconnect (d_sid, port, addr.p_aals[i].p_aadr);
      if (status == true) {
      addr.unlock ();
      unlock ();
      return true;
      }
    }
    addr.unlock ();
    unlock ();
    return false;
  }

  // bind a socket with a port

00257   bool Socket::bind (t_word port) {
    rdlock ();
    bool result = c_ipbind (d_sid, port);
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // bind a socket with a port and an address

00266   bool Socket::bind (t_word port, const Address& addr) {
    rdlock ();
    addr.rdlock ();
    bool result = c_ipbind (d_sid, port, addr.p_addr);
    addr.unlock ();
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // return the socket address

00277   Address* Socket::getsockaddr (void) const {
    rdlock ();
    t_byte* addr = c_ipsockaddr (d_sid);
    unlock ();
    if (addr == nilp) return nilp;
    Address* result = new Address (addr);
    delete [] addr;
    return result;
  }

  // return the socket port

00289   t_word Socket::getsockport (void) const {
    rdlock ();
    t_word result = c_ipsockport (d_sid);
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // return the peer address

00298   Address* Socket::getpeeraddr (void) const {
    rdlock ();
    t_byte* addr = c_ippeeraddr (d_sid);
    unlock ();
    if (addr == nilp) return nilp;
    Address* result = new Address (addr);
    delete [] addr;
    return result;
  }

  // return the peer port

00310   t_word Socket::getpeerport (void) const {
    rdlock ();
    t_word result = c_ippeerport (d_sid);
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // - object section                                                        -
  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

  // the quark zone
  static const long QUARK_ZONE_LENGTH = 12;
  static QuarkZone  zone (QUARK_ZONE_LENGTH);

  // the object supported quarks
  static const long QUARK_BIND      = zone.intern ("bind");
  static const long QUARK_CLOSE     = zone.intern ("close");
  static const long QUARK_OPENP     = zone.intern ("open-p");
  static const long QUARK_IPV6P     = zone.intern ("ipv6-p");
  static const long QUARK_SETOPT    = zone.intern ("set-option");
  static const long QUARK_CONNECT   = zone.intern ("connect");
  static const long QUARK_SHUTDOWN  = zone.intern ("shutdown");
  static const long QUARK_SOCKADDR  = zone.intern ("get-socket-address");
  static const long QUARK_SOCKPORT  = zone.intern ("get-socket-port");
  static const long QUARK_PEERADDR  = zone.intern ("get-peer-address");
  static const long QUARK_PEERPORT  = zone.intern ("get-peer-port");
  static const long QUARK_SETOPTION = zone.intern ("set-option");

  // return true if the given quark is defined

00341   bool Socket::isquark (const long quark, const bool hflg) const {
    rdlock ();
    if (zone.exists (quark) == true) {
      unlock ();
      return true;
    }
    bool result = hflg ? Input::isquark (quark, hflg) : false;
    if (result == false) result = hflg ? Output::isquark (quark, hflg) : false;
    unlock ();
    return result;
  }

  // evaluate a quark statically

00355   Object* Socket::meval (Runnable* robj, Nameset* nset, const long quark) {
    if (quark == QUARK_REUSEADDR) 
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_REUSEADDR);
    if (quark == QUARK_BROADCAST) 
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_BROADCAST);
    if (quark == QUARK_DONTROUTE) 
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_DONTROUTE);
    if (quark == QUARK_MCASTLOOP) 
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_MCASTLOOP);
    if (quark == QUARK_KEEPALIVE) 
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_KEEPALIVE);
    if (quark == QUARK_LINGER)    
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_LINGER);
    if (quark == QUARK_RCVSIZE)   
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_RCVSIZE);
    if (quark == QUARK_SNDSIZE)   
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_SNDSIZE);
    if (quark == QUARK_HOPLIMIT)  
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_HOPLIMIT);
    if (quark == QUARK_MCASTHOP)  
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_MCASTHOP);
    if (quark == QUARK_MAXSEG) 
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_MAXSEG);
    if (quark == QUARK_NODELAY) 
      return new Item (QUARK_SOCKET, QUARK_NODELAY);
    throw Exception ("eval-error", "cannot evaluate member",
                 String::qmap (quark));
  }

  // apply this object with a set of arguments and a quark

00386   Object* Socket::apply (Runnable* robj, Nameset* nset, const long quark,
                   Vector* argv) {

    // get the number of arguments
    long argc = (argv == nilp) ? 0 : argv->length ();

    // dispatch 0 argument
    if (argc == 0) {
      if (quark == QUARK_IPV6P)    return new Boolean (isipv6 ());
      if (quark == QUARK_OPENP)    return new Boolean (isopen ());
      if (quark == QUARK_SOCKADDR) return getsockaddr ();
      if (quark == QUARK_PEERADDR) return getpeeraddr ();
      if (quark == QUARK_SOCKPORT) return new Integer (getsockport ());
      if (quark == QUARK_PEERPORT) return new Integer (getpeerport ());
      if (quark == QUARK_CLOSE)    return new Boolean (close       ());
      if (quark == QUARK_SHUTDOWN) return new Boolean (shutdown    ());
    }

    // dispatch 1 argument
    if (argc == 1) {
      if (quark == QUARK_BIND) {
      long port = argv->getint (0);
      bind (port);
      return nilp;
      }
      if (quark == QUARK_SHUTDOWN) {
      bool mode = argv->getbool (0);
      return new Boolean (shutdown (mode));
      }
    }
    // dispatch 2 arguments
    if (argc == 2) {
      if (quark == QUARK_BIND) {
      long port = argv->getint (0);
      Address* addr = dynamic_cast <Address*> (argv->get (1));
      if (addr == nilp) 
        throw Exception ("argument-error", "address expected with bind");
      bind (port, *addr);
      return nilp;
      }
      if (quark == QUARK_CONNECT) {
      long port = argv->getint (0);
      Address* addr = dynamic_cast <Address*> (argv->get (1));
      if (addr == nilp) 
        throw Exception ("argument-error", "address expected with connect");
      connect (port, *addr);
      return nilp;
      }
      if (quark == QUARK_SETOPTION) {
      Item* item = dynamic_cast <Item*> (argv->get (0));
      if (item == nilp) throw Exception ("argument-error",
                                 "invalid object as socket option");
      t_option opt = item_to_option (*item);
      Object* obj = argv->get (1);
      Boolean* bobj = dynamic_cast <Boolean*> (obj);
      if (bobj != nilp) {
        bool flg = bobj->toboolean ();
        return new Boolean (setopt (opt, flg));
      }
      Integer* iobj = dynamic_cast <Integer*> (obj);
      if (iobj != nilp) {
        long val = iobj->tointeger (); 
        return new Boolean (setopt (opt, true, val));
      }
      throw Exception ("argument-error", "invalid argument with set-option");
      }
    }
    // dispatch 3 arguments
    if (argc == 3) {
      if (quark == QUARK_SETOPTION) {
      Item* item = dynamic_cast <Item*> (argv->get (0));
      if (item == nilp) throw Exception ("argument-error",
                                 "invalid object as socket option");
      t_option opt = item_to_option (*item);
      bool flg = argv->getbool (1);
      long val = argv->getint  (2);
      return new Boolean (setopt (opt, flg, val));
      }
      if (quark == QUARK_CONNECT) {
      long port = argv->getint (0);
      Address* addr = dynamic_cast <Address*> (argv->get (1));
      if (addr == nilp) 
        throw Exception ("argument-error", "address expected with connect");
      bool alsf = argv->getbool (2);
      connect (port, *addr, alsf);
      return nilp;
      }
    }
    // check for input stream quark
    if (Input::isquark (quark, true) == true)
      return Input::apply (robj, nset, quark, argv);
    // check for output stream quark
    if (Output::isquark (quark, true) == true)
      return Output::apply (robj, nset, quark, argv);
    // call the object method
    return Object::apply (robj, nset, quark, argv);
  }
}

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